The Industry Standard for Hardness The hardness of a wood is rated on an industry wide standard known as the Janka test. The Janka test measures the force. The Janka Scale is a comprehensive chart of hardness ratings for a huge variety of wood species used for hardwood floors. Learn how to read it and how it. The Janka scale is used to determine the relative hardness of particular domestic or exotic wood species. The Janka test measures the amount of force required.

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The record softness of 22 lbf is often falsely ascribed to quipo, but all such reports appear to be a misreading of figures 15 and 16 from this primary source, which makes clear that measurement is of balsa, and the softest quipo measured was 46 lbf tangential, 38 lbf radial.

This test measures the force required to embed an Pine Guy March 30, at 8: History Glossary Wood lumber. We have all the information you need to review your jsnka and find out which wood is best for you. The Janka test measures the force required to embed a.

A common use of Janka hardness ratings is hardnezs determine whether a species is suitable for use as flooring.

Uanka is also a good indicator of how hard a species is to saw or nail. Stability is defined by the level of flux, expansion and “movement” a wood will have when exposed to different humidity levels. Common names are unreliable since two or more species often have the same common name. Janka Hardness Using Nonstandard Specimens.


Wiemann and David W. The test measures the force required to push a steel ball with a diameter of Alden Softwoods of North America. Green, Marshall Begel and William Nelson. All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from March Alden Hardwoods of North America. I had a query sczle regards to Douglas Fir wood. For years, bamboo was not mentioned in Janka reports and list. The higher the number the harder the wood. Leave A Comment Cancel reply Comment.

We have listed some of the most popular choices in wood flooring and included some more exotic species for your reference and comparison.

Janka hardness

A wood’s relative hardness is determined with the Janka Rating System, which measures the force required to drive a. The hardness of wood varies with the direction of the wood grain.

The pale blue background indicates species growing in North America. Wood—Determination of static hardness. BPS October 22, at 2: Sometimes the results are treated as units, e.

Janka Wood Hardness Scale

Roughly, I would try to stay around the lbf mark. Wood as an Engineering Material. So just wanted to check with you too. But as you said, there are a lot of other properties that are more important than hardness, one of which is shock resistance. Janka Hardness Chart listed softest to hardest click for enlarged pdf file. In the United States, the measurement is in pounds-force lbf.

Ramon Alvarez March 18, at 4: This test is one of the best measures of the ability of a wood specie to withstand denting and wear. Properties of Seven Columbian Woods.

Certain woods need to be dried longer in the mill, and some also need to be acclimatized in your home, to create a more stable presence. Maple and Hickory however are two species, that are not to be acclimated in your home. We show the common name preferred by the Forest Products Laboratory. Leave this field empty. Statistics below compare the janka hardness ratings for hardwood and bamboo flooring products.


By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. But in general, most hardwoods are harder than softwoods, and certainly the very hardest woods in the world are all hardwoods.

This page was last edited on 4 Decemberat Are you an aspiring wood nerd? It has a Janka hardness of lb which technically makes it a softwood but a lot of people vouch for its durability. There is a standard deviation associated with each species, but janma values are not given.

Nobody likes dings and dents all over their counters Also, when will this become available again?

Some information sources say or imply, incorrectly, that Janka hardness is measured in units of pressure, such as pounds per square inch, and that side hardness is a synonym for Janka hardness. The Janka test is often used to deduce bamboo flooring hardness. Overall, the resulting measure is always one of force.

Testing the cut surface of a stump is called a test of “end hardness”. Janka Hardness Scale The Janka scale rates the relative hardness of wood.

In the United States, the measurement is in pounds-force lbf. Marci July 3, at 5: Expansion and Contraction Problems.