The Novum Organum (New Organon) was the second (and the only somewhat complete) part of Sir Francis Bacon’s Instauratio Magna. This is the frontispiece to Francis Bacon’s Instauratio Magna which contained the tract Novum Organon. The frontispiece depicts a ship travelling between. Publisher Information: London: apud Joannem Billium, Bacon, Francis Instauratio magna. Novum organum sive indicia vera de.

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He grew up when the traditional approach to the “philosophy of nature” natural science was dictated by classical sources, such as works by the ancient Greeks and the alchemists. The Instauratio Magna exemplified Bacon’s revolutionary approach to creating a foundation of scientific knowledge, based on questioning of so called “authorities” such as the Greeks and the alchemists and using experimentation to discover fact. The Novum Organum set forth a scientific method based on induction, or experiment, intended by Bacon to replace the old Aristotelian system of deduction.

Bacon’s method of induction actually consisted of two elements, pars destruens and pars construens, in which existing assumptions are first destroyed pars destruens after which experiments are conducted to help understand facts of nature pars construens a. Through science based on experimentationBacon wished to give man power over the earth “regnum hominis” or rule of man Classical Philosophers. The frontispiece of the Instauratio Magna depicts a ship sailing between two pillars, an allusion to the Pillars of Hercules, which have been seen as portals to exploration or discovery through the Strait of Gibraltar.

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Francis Bacon’s Instauratio

magha The pillars upon the cover are labeled “plus” and “ultra”, which translate to “more beyond”, emphasizing Bacon’s belief that science should transcend the classical theories of Aristotle. The allusion is carried into the realm of intellectual discovery by the imprinting at the bottom of the page of a quotation from Daniel This quote also shows Bacon’s desire that knowledge gained through experimentation be brought to Europe from this new world.

Several dangerous sea monsters are also depicted around the sailing ship – it will be risky to sail in uncharted waters. Furthermore, the task that Bacon presented was one that hadn’t been done for hundreds of years – experimentation.

Works by Francis Bacon – Wikipedia

Experimentation is what will increase a persons knowledge and allow them to truly insgauratio what they are talking about. In his Preface to the Instauratio MagnaBacon asserts that “…that wisdom which we have derived principally from the Greeks is but like the boyhood of knowledge, and has the characteristic property of boys: Using this faulty Greek canon of knowledge based upon human authority, Bacon opined, “is but a device for exempting ignorance from ignominy,” which is to say that philosophers preceding Bacon covered up for their lack of actual, experimental knowledge by touting their mastery of the established Greek learning.

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Bacon also stated that “the end francsi this science of mine proposes is the invention not of arguments but of arts,” that is, it shall not employ simple scholastic arguments evolved from questionable principles; rather, it focuses on devising new experiments that can give answers to key questions directly.

Bacon advocated an inductive sort of reasoning; rather than try to establish knowledge from principles he had reasoned or “argued” out, he believed instead that it must only be derived from and built up through experimentation.

Bacon believed that the use of experimental methods in order to question human authority and probe the borders of ignorance will lead to the restoration of the art of science.

See the Preface by clicking the “Previous” link at the bottom of the above page. Frame 20 In his Preface to the Instauratio MagnaBacon asserts that “…that wisdom which we have derived principally from the Greeks is instaurario like the boyhood of knowledge, and has the characteristic property of boys: See the Preface by clicking the “Previous” link at the bottom of the above page Previous Page: